Elephants are recognized as intelligent animals. Some scientists rank them as the third intelligent animal, only inferior to chimpanzees and orangutans, ranking the third. It is said that elephants are smart, mainly because they are easy to be domesticated and trained by people. Well-trained elephants can not only help their masters, but also perform programs. But the wild elephant can’t understand the human command, because its intelligence hasn’t been developed yet.
It is a spectacle for human beings to catch elephants. Because the elephant is powerful, the hunter is not his opponent at all. But human beings will use their wisdom to set traps and snares to lure elephants into the net. The elephant that lives in the forest of Southeast Asia is the Asian elephant. Local hunters have a great way of catching Asian elephants. They cut down tall trees several meters high, gathered the trunks, and inserted them deep into the pit, forming a high circular fence. Behind each trunk are small trees. This is to prevent the impact of elephants. In the weak link of the fence, it is bound with tough rattan. The spaces between the trunks were also netted with vines. This is a very strong cage without a top cover, or sinkhole. But it looks like a natural jungle.
When the trap was set up, the hunters began to drive out the wild elephants. People lined up in a line of scattered soldiers, carrying gongs and drums. When they got to a certain distance, they started to shout and beat the drums and gongs, which made the earth shaking sound frighten them to run like a group of people. They went into the traps set by the hunters like a gust of wind. The hunters closed the gate and let the elephants roar and scream…
Catching a wild elephant is only the first step. The second step is to domesticate wild elephants. Young elephants are easy to teach, and soon they can drink milk themselves and are willing to obey people’s orders. An old elephant or an adult elephant is very mischievous. It refuses to yield to people’s will and often gives people prestige and temper. Elephant training is a specialized technique. When the hungry wild elephant sticks his head into the fork to get close to the food, people quickly tighten the fork, clamp the elephant’s head, and then quickly bind the elephant’s legs and feet with ropes. The wild elephant can no longer exert its lust.
The trainer is very patient. They often feed, wipe their backs and bathe elephants, so as to cultivate feelings and eliminate the wariness of wild animals to human beings. When the wild elephant is used to living under the care of the trainer, the trainer begins to teach it to kneel, turn, back and drag. The trainer rode on his back and neck, and he was willing. Trained elephants can act as foremen to supervise and manage the work of other elephants. For example, in the wood factory, two elephants work together to roll the rough log onto the platform, and the elephant foreman commands them to work hard and unify their pace at the same time. The elephant foreman drags a long iron chain on his nose as a whip. If the working elephant is lazy, he will swing the chain to teach him a lesson.