How is a guide dog trained?

ATLANTA, GA - AUGUST 27: Georgia women prison inmates lead their Labrador puppies during guide dog training at Metro State Prison August 27, 2002 in Atlanta, Georgia. The I.M.P.A.C.T. program (Inmates Providing Animal Care and Training) teams inmates with puppies provided by Southeastern Guide Dog, Inc., for a 16-month program of training with a volunteer obedience instructor. The Georgia Department of Corrections then returns the dogs for advanced training, ultimately providing guide dogs to the visually impaired. (Photo by Erik S. Lesser/Getty Images)

Qualified guide dogs are trained hard for a long time.

The first guide dog school was set up in Germany during World War I. The school trained guide dogs to assist veterans with disabilities to travel. The first guide dog training center in the United States was established in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1929. The first guide dog was introduced in Japan in 1938, and only in 1947 was the first guide dog. The Japanese Guide Dog Association was founded in 1967. Taiwan established the first training centre for guide dogs in 1993.

Newborn puppies are born at the Guide Dog Center until they are two months old. Then they separated from their biological parents and went to foster families. This period of time is for puppies to learn two important things:

First, the mode of habits getting along with human beings. Foster families must strictly prohibit puppies from eating human food, jumping on furniture (especially sofas) and human beds, and basic obedience (such as sitting, lying down, waiting, etc.).

2. Socialized training. In the golden age of puppy socialization, foster families brought puppies into and out of public places, and used to various environments and public transportation, which has made perfect adaptations and preparations for the convenience of serving the visually impaired in the future.

At the age of one to two, the guide dog was separated from the foster family and returned to the training center to be trained by a professional guide dog trainer. The condition of the guide dog school is very good and the training is very strict.

First of all, we should strengthen obedience and help guide dogs review the commands they have learned at home, such as “sit down”, “lie down” and “come” through food and language encouragement.

After obedience training, the trainer will install a guide saddle on the guide dog and take them on the treadmill for training until the guide dog can walk along the straight line consciously.

Then we went to the real street and taught the blind dog to learn the new password about leading the way. During this period, guide dogs should learn to recognize traffic conditions and decide when to cross the road safely. These things sound simple, but for a dog, they have to be repeated and repeated.

The general guide dog can finish the training center after one year to one and a half years, and retire at the age of eight to twelve on average after finding a suitable matching owner. After retirement, a guide dog can be adopted by an appropriate adoptive family and kept in good health for a long time. It can be a happy pet dog until it dies.